Actor picture

Instagram Scraper

jaroslavhejlek/instagram-scraper

Enables scraping of publicly available data from Instagram posts on profile, hashtag and place pages. The actor extracts links to photos, comments, and detailed information about the Instagram pages. It supports search queries as well as a list of URLs.

Actor - Instagram scraper

Features

Since Instagram has removed the option to load public data through its API, this actor should help replace this functionality. It allows you to scrape posts from a user's profile page, hashtag page or place. When a link to an Instagram post is provided, it can scrape Instagram comments.

The Instagram data scraper supports the following features:

  • Scrape profiles - you can either scrape posts or get metadata from the profile (including followers and following if logged in)

  • Scrape hashtags - query hastags matched by search keyword you can either scrape posts or scrape metadata from each hashtag

  • Scrape places/locations - query places matched by search keyword you can either scrape posts or scrape metadata from each place (requires a login)

  • Scrape comments - you can scrape comments from any post

  • Scrape likes - you can scrape likes from any post (if logged in)

If you are interested in this solution and want to know more about how it works, I wrote a short introduction on Apify blog.

Features planned

In the future, this solution will be extended with following features:

  • Scraping of Instagram stories
  • Scraping and download of Instagram photos

Bugs, fixes, updates and changelog

This scraper is under active development. Check CHANGELOG.md for more detailed information

  • 2020-07-02 - Scraping places/locations now requires login.
  • 2020-06-12 - Big update with many fixes and new features

Instagram blocking and proxies

In May 2020, Instagram significantly upgraded their anti-scraping protection, banning most datacenter proxies worldwide. Many of the previously working solutions were completely blocked by redirecting the pages into login wall. Currently, the only reliable solution to this problem is to use residential proxies. Datacenter proxies may still work but likely in less than 10% of cases.

Apify residential proxies

Apify platform provides residential proxies for extra fee. These proxies are only sold to be run with the scrapers like this one, not externally. If you are interested in buying some residential GBs, just ping support@apify.com and they will get back to you with more detailed offer.

Custom proxies

You can also use proxies from other providers in the custom proxies fields (proxyUrls in the JSON settings).

Scrolling through large profiles or posts

Instagram imposes a rate limits that will block the scrolling if you want to scroll for more than 1000 posts or comments. To workaround this issue, this scraper starts injecting randomized wait times once you reach 1000 posts or comments. This is configurable by the scrollWaitSecs input parameter. If you get the message that you were rate limited, consider increasing this parameter for the specific profile or post.

Input parameters

The input of this scraper should be JSON containing the list of pages on Instagram that should be visited. Required fields are:

Field Type Description
search String (optional) Query to search Instagram for
pageTimeout Integer (optional) Defaults to 60 (seconds)
searchType String (optional, required with search) What to search Instagram for, default is "hashtag", other options are "user" or "place"
searchLimit Integer (optional) How many search results to process, default is 20, maximum is 100. Set to 1 if you want to get the most matched one
directUrls Array (optional) List of Instagram URLs (profile or hashtag or place)
resultsType String What to scrape from each page, default is "posts" the other option is "comments"
resultsLimit Integer How many items should be loaded from each URL (limit is per page)
proxy Object Proxy configuration
scrapePostsUntilDate String (optional) Date in the past when you stop scrolling older posts
scrollWaitSecs Number How long to wait every 100 scolled items to prevent blocking by Instagram. This number is randomized. Default is 10 seconds
loginCookies Array (optional) Cookies copied from logged in profile (for example using EditThisCookie extension)
likedByLimit Number (optional) How many likes should be scraped from post page (only works with login)
followingLimit Number (optional) How many following should be scraped from profile page (only works with login)
followedByLimit Number (optional) How many followers should be scraped from profile page (only works with login)
expandOwners Boolean (optional) !Experimental! Load additional details about post owner for each post (slows down the solution a lot)

This solution requires the use of Proxy servers, either your own proxy servers or you can use Apify Proxy.

Instagram scraper Input example

{
    "search": "Náměstí míru",
    "searchType": "place",
    "searchLimit": 10,
    "directUrls": [ "https://www.instagram.com/teslamotors/" ],
    "resultsType": "posts",
    "resultsLimit": 100,
    "proxy": { "useApifyProxy": true, "apifyProxyGroups": [] }
}

Using cookies to log in

This solution allows you to log in using already initialized cookies of logged in user. This is needed for places/locations pages and to get some extra data and access private profiles. If you use this option, the solution will do as much as possible to prevent the account from being banned (slow down to just one page open at a time and introduce delays between actions).

It's highly recommended not to use your own account (unless you have to) and instead create a new instagram account to use with this solution. Using your own account can result in the account being banned by Instagram.

To log in using cookies. I recommend using chrome browser extension like EditThisCookie. With it, just go to Instagram, log in with the account you want to use and then use the extension to export cookies. This should give you an array of cookies which you can then just paste as a value of loginCookies field in input.

If you log out of instagram with the account that is connected to the cookies, it will invalidate them and your solution will stop working.

During the run

During the run, the actor will output messages letting you know what is going on. Each message always contains a short label specifying which page from the provided list is currently specified. When items are loaded from the page, you should see a message about this event with a loaded item count and total item count for each page.

If you provide incorrect input to the actor, it will immediately stop with failure state and output an explanation of what is wrong.

Instagram output format

During the run, the actor stores results into a dataset. Each item is a separate item in the dataset.

You can manage the results in any languague (Python, PHP, Node JS/NPM). See the FAQ or our API reference to learn more about getting results from this Instagram actor.

Scraped Instagram posts

The structure of each item in Instagram posts when scrolling looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "pageType": "user",
    "id": "teslamotors",
    "userId": "297604134",
    "userUsername": "teslamotors",
    "userFullName": "Tesla",
    "limit": 1000000,
    "scrollWaitSecs": 0,
    "shortcode": "B27C4aRBfet",
    "postLocationId": null,
    "postOwnerId": "297604134"
  },
  "queryUsername": "teslamotors",
  "position": 10,
  "type": "Image",
  "shortCode": "B27C4aRBfet",
  "caption": "@hub3rt picked up his Model 3 and brought our London team a cake. \nIf there is a purer thing in this world we would like to hear about it.",
  "hashtags": [],
  "mentions": [
    "hub3rt"
  ],
  "url": "https://www.instagram.com/p/B27C4aRBfet",
  "commentsCount": 926,
  "latestComments": [],
  "dimensionsHeight": 1080,
  "dimensionsWidth": 1080,
  "displayUrl": "https://instagram.fyyc3-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t51.2885-15/e35/70538312_1124483511275040_7970075346943975868_n.jpg?_nc_ht=instagram.fyyc3-1.fna.fbcdn.net&_nc_cat=100&_nc_ohc=UBV8F4hhd_AAX_INMgA&oh=be328b96f1ad3fbb95b54a35b8b0eb79&oe=5F0D6E0E",
  "id": "2142318720331413421",
  "alt": "Photo by Tesla on September 27, 2019. Image may contain: one or more people, people standing and car",
  "likesCount": 181500,
  "timestamp": "2019-09-27T17:11:54.000Z",
  "locationName": null,
  "locationId": null,
  "ownerUsername": "teslamotors",
  "ownerId": "297604134"
}

Scraped Instagram comments

The structure of each item in Instagram comments looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "index": 1,
    "pageType": "post",
    "id": "BwrsO1Bho2N",
    "postCommentsDisabled": false,
    "postIsVideo": false,
    "postVideoViewCount": 0,
    "postVideoDurationSecs": 0
  },
  "id": "17900515570488496",
  "postId": "BwrsO1Bho2N",
  "text": "When is Tesla going to make boats? It was so nice to see clear water in Venice during the covid lockdown!",
  "position": 1,
  "timestamp": "2020-06-07T12:54:20.000Z",
  "ownerId": "5319127183",
  "ownerIsVerified": false,
  "ownerUsername": "mauricepaoletti",
  "ownerProfilePicUrl": "https://scontent-lhr8-1.cdninstagram.com/v/t51.2885-19/s150x150/84630643_482577542360727_932647097444859904_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-lhr8-1.cdninstagram.com&_nc_ohc=B3lQcy6UHX4AX8RjJKN&oh=1df825b662e1f1412eb21fc581c5db75&oe=5F0A760B"
}

Scraped Instagram profile

The structure of each user profile looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "url": "https://www.instagram.com/avengers/"
  },
  "id": "6622284809",
  "username": "avengers",
  "fullName": "Avengers: Endgame",
  "biography": "Marvel Studios’ \"Avengers​: Endgame” is now playing in theaters.",
  "externalUrl": "http://www.fandango.com/avengersendgame",
  "externalUrlShimmed": "https://l.instagram.com/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fandango.com%2Favengersendgame&e=ATNWJ4avEN0vwSx1YQCqQqFJst7aAFzINa-BzGZLoTVrdC6sTRTmjM9QNgWKR3URJHMxwg9x",
  "followersCount": 8212505,
  "followsCount": 4,
  "hasChannel": false,
  "highlightReelCount": 3,
  "isBusinessAccount": true,
  "joinedRecently": false,
  "businessCategoryName": "Content & Apps",
  "private": false,
  "verified": true,
  "profilePicUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/eaea4675dc1e937f3b449dba21ac3867/5D5DF0E0/t51.2885-19/s150x150/54446499_2222190077828037_3317168817985028096_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
  "profilePicUrlHD": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/38a36006532165263f0d82c32de1d0ce/5D767E98/t51.2885-19/s320x320/54446499_2222190077828037_3317168817985028096_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
  "facebookPage": null,
  "igtvVideoCount": 5,
  "latestIgtvVideos": [
    {
      "type": "Video",
      "shortCode": "Bwr3OkpnZZ5",
      "title": "Marvel Studios’ Avengers: Endgame | “Don’t Do It”",
      "caption": "Don’t do it. #DontSpoilTheEndgame",
      "commentsCount": 115,
      "commentsDisabled": false,
      "dimensionsHeight": 1333,
      "dimensionsWidth": 750,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/1c063ea4ff0e4768a852411c74470bae/5CCD7FE3/t51.2885-15/e35/58684999_167806787545179_7836940807335402934_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 123,
      "videoDuration": 21.688,
      "videoViewCount": 77426
    },
    # ...
  ],
  "postsCount": 274,
  "latestPosts": [
    {
      "type": "Video",
      "shortCode": "Bw7jACTn3tC",
      "caption": "“We need to take a stand.” Marvel Studios’ #AvengersEndgame is in theaters now. Get tickets: [link in bio]",
      "commentsCount": 1045,
      "dimensionsHeight": 750,
      "dimensionsWidth": 750,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/c336cf708e62596cd46879656f86ad70/5CCD112C/t51.2885-15/e35/57649006_653609661751971_8438348841277997450_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 142707,
      "videoViewCount": 482810,
      "timestamp": "2019-05-01T18:44:12.000Z",
      "locationName": null
    },
    ...
  ],
  "following": [],
  "followedBy": [],
}

Scraped Instagram hashtag

The structure of each hashtag detail looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "url": "https://www.instagram.com/explore/tags/endgame/"
  },
  "id": "17843854051054595",
  "name": "endgame",
  "topPostsOnly": false,
  "profilePicUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/c3074c4492e7594fdd330ff8b81cf724/5D558BBC/t51.2885-15/e15/s150x150/58410922_577374706107933_1468173581283089454_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
  "postsCount": 1510549,
  "topPosts": [
    {
      "type": "Image",
      "shortCode": "Bw9UYRrhxfl",
      "caption": "Here is the second part😂😂 Find the first part on the page\nGuess the pictures😏\n-\n-\n-\n#marvel #mcu #dceu #worldofdc #endgame #superhero #superheros #infinitywar #batman #superman #wonderwoman #iroman #captainamerica #thor #thanos #memes #news #dc #dcuniverse #power #funny #fun" "@marvel",
      "hashtags": ["marvel", "mcu", "etc..."],
      "mentions": ["marvel"],
      "commentsCount": 9,
      "dimensionsHeight": 1326,
      "dimensionsWidth": 1080,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/4d67498d0bc033cbfdf8b666d0fce6d1/5D629B3E/t51.2885-15/e35/57216878_2119889691397544_8022105877563047858_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 2342,
      "timestamp": "2019-05-02T11:14:55.000Z",
      "locationName": null
    },
    # ...
  ],
  "latestPosts": [
    {
      "type": "Sidecar",
      "shortCode": "Bw9flNKl56O",
      "caption": "Mínimo lo se mi tributo a semejante peli pero bue algo quería hacer me llore la vidaaaaa #endgame #avengersendgame #avengers #thanos #ironman #hulk #thor #makeupcomic #makeup #moviemakeup #makeupeyes #makeupfantasy #makeupavengers #makeuphero",
      "commentsCount": 0,
      "dimensionsHeight": 936,
      "dimensionsWidth": 1080,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/d97b7e434dbbb4141552c9af9c8fb05b/5D5F34FD/t51.2885-15/e35/58087917_2268263940082789_7711745336102849043_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 12312,
      "timestamp": "2019-05-02T12:52:48.000Z",
      "locationName": null
    },
    # ...
  ]
}

Scraped Instagram place

The structure of each place detail looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "url": "https://www.instagram.com/explore/locations/1017812091/namesti-miru/"
  },
  "id": "1017812091",
  "name": "Náměstí Míru",
  "public": true,
  "lat": 50.0753325,
  "lng": 14.43769,
  "slug": "namesti-miru",
  "description": "",
  "website": "",
  "phone": "",
  "aliasOnFacebook": "",
  "addressStreetAddress": "",
  "addressZipCode": "",
  "addressCityName": "Prague, Czech Republic",
  "addressRegionName": "",
  "addressCountryCode": "CZ",
  "addressExactCityMatch": false,
  "addressExactRegionMatch": false,
  "addressExactCountryMatch": false,
  "profilePicUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/aa8cc8c627cbddf3df270747223f5f23/5D68CDEA/t51.2885-15/e35/s150x150/57561454_2452560724777787_307886881124344332_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
  "postsCount": 5310,
  "topPosts": [
    {
      "type": "Image",
      "shortCode": "Bw6lVVZhXXB",
      "caption": "🦋🦋🦋",
      "commentsCount": 3,
      "dimensionsHeight": 750,
      "dimensionsWidth": 750,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/03de7e9343f98fdf47513a0a944c427f/5D6656A8/t51.2885-15/e35/57561454_2452560724777787_307886881124344332_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 345,
      "timestamp": "2019-05-01T09:45:20.000Z",
      "locationName": null
    },
    # ...
  ],
  "latestPosts": [
    {
      "type": "Image",
      "shortCode": "Bw9KSlIhAc-",
      "caption": "#vinohradskaprincezna #nekdotomusikontrolovat #jestezememaji #jmenujusebufinka 🐶",
      "commentsCount": 0,
      "dimensionsHeight": 1080,
      "dimensionsWidth": 1080,
      "displayUrl": "https://scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/0fa17a87dee94c0c63c8973c6c0677eb/5D59EE21/t51.2885-15/e35/57506136_399700847249384_6385808161520210872_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ort2-2.cdninstagram.com",
      "likesCount": 4546,
      "timestamp": "2019-05-02T09:46:45.000Z",
      "locationName": null
    },
    # ...
  ]
}

Scraped Instagram post details

The structure of each post detail looks like this:

{
  "#debug": {
    "requestId": "YCyUc93vUGzK9eA",
    "url": "https://www.instagram.com/p/BwrsO1Bho2N",
    "loadedUrl": "https://www.instagram.com/p/BwrsO1Bho2N/",
    "method": "GET",
    "retryCount": 0,
    "errorMessages": null
  },
  "type": "Sidecar",
  "shortCode": "BwrsO1Bho2N",
  "caption": "Newly upgraded Model S and X drive units rolling down the production line at Gigafactory 1 #tesla #model3 @elonmusk",
  "hashtags": ["tesla", "model3"],
  "mentions": ["elonmusk"],
  "position": 1,
  "url": "https://www.instagram.com/p/BwrsO1Bho2N",
  "commentsCount": 711,
  "latestComments": [
    {
      "ownerUsername": "mauricepaoletti",
      "text": "When is Tesla going to make boats? It was so nice to see clear water in Venice during the covid lockdown!"
    },
    ...
  ],
  "dimensionsHeight": 1350,
  "dimensionsWidth": 1080,
  "displayUrl": "https://instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t51.2885-15/e35/57840129_308705413159630_8358160330083042716_n.jpg?_nc_ht=instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net&_nc_cat=110&_nc_ohc=g7JIBg70oHMAX_QGayb&oh=1402875349a6d1cd8693f14f2b617fd6&oe=5F0DBA1F",
  "id": "2029910590113615245",
  "firstComment": "@miszdivastatuz",
  "likesCount": 153786,
  "timestamp": "2019-04-25T14:57:01.000Z",
  "locationName": "Tesla Gigafactory 1",
  "locationId": "2172837629656184",
  "ownerFullName": "Tesla",
  "ownerUsername": "teslamotors",
  "ownerId": "297604134",
  "captionIsEdited": false,
  "hasRankedComments": false,
  "commentsDisabled": false,
  "displayResourceUrls": [
    "https://instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t51.2885-15/e35/57840129_308705413159630_8358160330083042716_n.jpg?_nc_ht=instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net&_nc_cat=110&_nc_ohc=g7JIBg70oHMAX_QGayb&oh=1402875349a6d1cd8693f14f2b617fd6&oe=5F0DBA1F",
    "https://instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t51.2885-15/e35/56744724_532173877312018_171181625703519178_n.jpg?_nc_ht=instagram.fist4-1.fna.fbcdn.net&_nc_cat=110&_nc_ohc=_zTxcKu_hyYAX9KtDax&oh=175f7e2fceb3f6b20f84e148baf4d9f9&oe=5F0C7535"
  ],
  "childPosts": [...],
  "locationSlug": "tesla-gigafactory-1",
  "isAdvertisement": false,
  "taggedUsers": [],
  "likedBy": []
}

How to scrape Instagram blogpost

I wrote a short introduction to this solution and how it works. You can find it at blog.apify.com

Extend output function

You can use this function to update the result output of this actor. You can query html dom what data from the page you want to scrape. The output from this will function will get merged with the result output.

The return value of this function has to be an object!

You can return fields to achive 3 different things:

  • Add a new field - Return object with a field that is not in the result output
  • Change a field - Return an existing field with a new value
  • Remove a field - Return an existing field with a value undefined
() => {
    return {
        "comment added": document.querySelector('time').textContent,
        "caption": "NA",
        displayResourceUrls: undefined
    }
}

This example will add a new field comment added, change the caption field and remove displayResourceUrls field

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